Windows XP Basic File and Printer Sharing
(for wired and wireless home networks)
First version: 12.12.2004 | This revision: 12.14.2004 (GMT+8)
|Force NetBIOS To Enable On Each Computer|
Go to Control Panel and double
click Network Connections.
Right click your Local Area Connection or Wireless Network Connection, and select Properties.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click [Properties] button, then click [Advanced].
Go to WINS and select "Enable NetBIOS over TCP/IP".
|Identify Each Computer On The Network|
Check the Computer Name for each computer
is unique on
your network, i.e., no two computer name is the same.
Go to Control Panel and double click System.
Click Computer Name tab.
Ideally, the entry for Workgroup on all computers should also be the same, but on Windows XP, this isn't necessary (still recommended). In any case, the default Workgroup entry created during setup is typically called WORKGROUP (how original!). This is the same on any Windows 2000/XP computer unless it has been changed. On Windows 9x/Me, the default Workgroup name is MSHOME.
To change either Computer Name or Workgroup, click [Change]. Reboot computer when prompted for the change to take effect.
|Configure Firewall To Permit Sharing|
If you are using Internet Connection
Firewall (ICF) on pre-SP2 Windows XP machines, the easiest is to
disable ICF. If you wish to leave ICF on, you need to open the
following ports to IP address 127.0.0.1:
If you are using Windows Firewall
(Windows XP SP2), you can simply enable File and Printer
Sharing in the Exception
section of the firewall configuration.
Go to Control Panel and double click Windows Firewall.
Click Exceptions tab and tick File and Printer Sharing.
|For ZoneAlarm, place your adapter in Trusted zone. The default Internet zone can block File and Printer Sharing.|
You will need to consult the software's
help file on configuring other firewall applications.
|Share Folders/Printers Over The Network|
Turn on Simple File Sharing on Windows XP Professional.
(Home Edition do not need to do this as it uses Simple File Sharing by default)
Go to Control Panel and double click Folder Options.
Click View tab and scroll down and tick "Use simple file sharing (Recommended)" option.
Follow this example to enable file sharing (you actually share a folder or drive).
|Follow this example to share a printer over a network.|
|Creating Network Drives For Easy Access (Map Network Drive)|
This part is optional - only if you want network folders on another computer to appear as a drive on your computer for easier access.
Open My Computer or Windows Explorer.
From the menu, click Tools, then Map Network Drive.
Choose a drive letter.
Locate the network folder and click [OK] to map to drive letter.
A new drive with your chosen drive letter will now appear in
My Computer as a network drive. Notice the icon is
somewhat different to that of a physical or hard drive.
Right click the new drive and select Rename if you wish to change the name given by the default naming convention.
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